March ACES Journal Archive The ACES Journal is devoted to the exchange of information in computational electromagnetics, to the advancement of the state of the art, and to the promotion of related technical activities. A primary objective of the information exchange is the elimination of the need to "re-invent the wheel" to solve a previously solved computational problem in electrical engineering, physics, or related fields of study. The ACES Journal welcomes original, previously unpublished papers, relating to applied computational electromagnetics. All papers are refereed.
The topic of social promotion and grade retention creates continuous discussion among educators.
This study examined whether social promotion or grade retention have an effect on student achievement. Purposive sampling was used to gather data from fifth grade students enrolled at two elementary schools in the school year and sixth-graders enrolled at one middle school in the school year within the same feeder pattern in Houston, Texas.
Paired samples and independent samples t-tests helped determine if there was a statistical difference in test scores between low-performing students retained in fifth grade and low-performing students socially promoted to sixth grade. This study examined through a causal-comparative design that social promotion and grade retention have no effect on student achievement.
Standardized test scores from low-performing students determined if statistically significant differences existed in achievement levels of students who were either promoted or retained the following school year.
A discussion of the research presented in this study provided an overview of the history of social promotion and grade retention and offered viewpoints on both topics as they relate to low-performing students. Study recommendations included expanding the sample size of students across the district to observe different demographics, and to consider exploring external factors that affect student performance within both groups.
This document is dedicated to God, my parents, Wilson Jack, Jr. My parents have instilled the importance of education within me from a very young age. Their support and dedication to decisions made in my life truly matter.
I hope my son is encouraged to pursue life-long learning and never become afraid of taking risks. By believing in God, our Savior, anything is possible. I love you all eternally.
Completing this dissertation has been one of the most difficult and timeconsuming endeavor of my life. Thanks and glory is owed God, for gracing me with all essentials needed to embark on this journey.
I would not have been able to succeed with this task if not for the tremendous amount of love and encouragement from my family and friends.
To my son, Treylan, thank you for being such a good boy. Your patience with me during this process shows that at such a very young age, you are patient, considerate, and understand how much I love you. I am so glad that in this process, you remained my number one priority.
To my parents and family, thank you for being patient with me in moments when I was not present to hang out. This journey was a difficult one, but you helped make things smooth for me by supporting me throughout this process.
I am forever grateful for your unconditional love and support. I would like to thank my sisters for listening to me complain at times and for always having encouraging words to say when I felt discouraged.
To my brother, I would like to thank you for stepping in to look out for me when obstacles hit me hard. To my friends and family, I would like to thank you for believing in me and for understanding when I had to decline invitations to remain diligent in my writing.
I would like to say a special thank you to my dissertation chair, Dr. I definitely would not have been able to complete this dissertation without your expertise and feedback. I want to thank Dr. Thomas Deering and Dr.
Richard Hall for acting as my committee members. Finally, I would like to thank my parents, Wilson Jack, Jr.
I always had the desire to pursue this journey just to honor your names as Dr. Your hard work and commitment has always motivated me to set the same expectations for my son. Daddy, although you have reached your paradise, your memories are close to my heart.
Mom, I thank you for being so strong during trying years and for always caring.A Comparative Study on the Promotion and Advertising Used by Tesco and Carrefour Hypermarkets in Malaysia Words | 11 Pages ABSTRACT This study was set out to compare the promotion and advertising strategies used by Tesco and Carrefour hypermarkets in Malaysia.
A Comparative Study of E-waste Recycling Systems Japan deals with e-waste in two ways. One is the Law for the Promotion of Effective Utili-zation of Resources (LPUR), which focuses on enhancing measures for recycling goods and. Impact of In-Store Display on Sales: A Comparative Study among New and Mature Product Samiya Loya Phd Scholar promotion have evolved over the years.
Technological advances have opened new avenues in promotions. The their study found significant increase in shelf space to have a strong positive impact on brand sales.
A Comparative Study on Problem Based Learning Tutoring Process in the Promotion of Generic Skills in Future Medical Professionals: Student Perceptions. This study examined through a causal-comparative design that social promotion and grade retention have no effect on student achievement.
Standardized test scores from low-performing students determined if statistically significant differences existed in achievement levels of students who were either promoted or retained the following school year. Interventions. Our work spans across health, education, violence against women and community institution building.
Research. We believe systematic and .