Christ is the Light of nations. Because this is so, this Sacred Synod gathered together in the Holy Spirit eagerly desires, by proclaiming the Gospel to every creature, 1 to bring the light of Christ to all men, a light brightly visible on the countenance of the Church. Since the Church is in Christ like a sacrament or as a sign and instrument both of a very closely knit union with God and of the unity of the whole human race, it desires now to unfold more fully to the faithful of the Church and to the whole world its own inner nature and universal mission. This it intends to do following faithfully the teaching of previous councils.
In general, the theology and history of Mary the Mother of God follow the chronological order of Apol 104 gospel message respective sources, i.
Jerome  maintains that the Hebrew verb has the meaning of "crushing" or "bruising" rather than of "lying in wait", "guarding". Still in his own work, which became the Latin Vulgatethe saint employs the verb "to crush" conterere in the first place, and "to lie in wait" insidiari in the second.
Hence the punishment inflicted on the serpent and the serpent's retaliation are expressed by the same verb: According to our version, and the Vulgate reading, the woman herself will win the victory; according to the Hebrew textshe will be victorious through her seed.
The reading "she" ipsa is neither an intentional corruption of the original text, nor is it an accidental error ; it is rather an explanatory version expressing explicitly the fact of Our Lady's part in the victory over the serpentwhich is contained implicitly in the Hebrew original.
The strength of the Christian tradition as to Mary's share in this victory may be inferred from the retention of "she" in St. Jerome's version in spite of his acquaintance with the original text and with the reading "he" ipse in the old Latin version.
As it is quite commonly admitted that the Divine judgment is directed not so much against the serpent as against the originator of sinthe seed of the serpent denotes the followers of the serpentthe "brood of vipers", the "generation of vipers", those whose father is the Devilthe children of evilimitando, non nascendo Augustine.
But seed not only may denote a particular personbut has such a meaning usually, if the context allows it. He saith not, and to his seeds, as of many; but as of one, and to his seed, which is Christ ".
Finally the expression "the woman " in the clause "I will put enmities between thee and the woman " is a literal version of the Hebrew text. The Hebrew Grammar of Gesenius-Kautzsch  establishes the rule: Peculiar to the Hebrew is the use of the article in order to indicate a person or thing, not yet known and not yet to be more clearly described, either as present or as to be taken into account under the contextual conditions.
Since our indefinite article serves this purpose, we may translate: Hence the prophecy promises a womanOur Blessed Lady, who will be the enemy of the serpent to a marked degree; besides, the same woman will be victorious over the Devilat least through her offspring.
The completeness of the victory is emphasized by the contextual phrase "earth shall thou eat", which is according to Winckler  a common old-oriental expression denoting the deepest humiliation .
Critics have endeavoured to represent this passage as a combination of occurrences and sayings from the life of the prophet written down by an unknown hand . The credibility of the contents is not necessarily affected by this theory, since prophetic traditions may be recorded by any writer without losing their credibility.
But even Duhm considers the theory as an apparent attempt on the part of the critics to find out what the readers are willing to bear patiently; he believes it is a real misfortune for criticism itself that it has found a mere compilation in a passage which so graphically describes the birth-hour of faith.
According to 2 Kings It appears that an alliance had been concluded between Phacee, King of Israeland Rasin, King of Damascusfor the purpose of opposing a barrier to the Assyrian aggressions.
Achazwho cherished Assyrian proclivities, did not join the coalition; the allies invaded his territory, intending to substitute for Achaz a more subservient ruler, a certain son of Tabeel. While Rasin was occupied in reconquering the maritime city Elath, Phacee alone proceeded against Juda"but they could not prevail".
After Elath had fallen, Rasin joined his forces with those of Phacee; " Syria hath rested upon Ephraim", whereupon "his Achaz' heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the woods are moved with the wind". Immediate preparations must be made for a protracted siege, and Achaz is busily engaged near the upper pool from which the city received the greater part of its water supply.
Hence the Lord says to Isaias:Apr 10, · Question 4 When a Christian shares the gospel message with an individual, they may also consider including their own personal testimony of salvation in the presentation.
Question 5 To formulate their conclusions, the historical apologists rely entirely on . Jul 13, · 11 Josephus (Ant. xviii. 5) tells us that the anger of Tiberius was aroused by the complaint of Saturninus, a friend of the emperor, that his wife Fulvia, who was a proselyte, had been induced to give money for the service of the Temple at Jerusalem under false pretences.
1. WHATEVER my attempt shall be in this epistle, made more in tears than in denunciation, in poor style, I allow, but with good intent, let no man regard me as if about to speak under the influence of contempt for men in general, or with an idea of superiority to all, because I weep the general decay of good, and the heaping up of evils, with tearful complaint.
Liberty University APOL Quiz 7 complete solution correct answer key Sharing the gospel message requires a lot of details and therefore you should always allow at least 30 minutes. Apol 1.
What are some ways the Christian gospel is perceived in our culture?-The Christian gospel is perceived in different ways. If you are a Christian you will know that the gospel is God’s good news and we can find it in the Bible. Let's Begin Our Journey Of Discovery On This Topic All Scriptures are taken from the Authorized King James Version of the Bible unless otherwise noted.