A 5 page research paper on weather patterns. Topics included are types of clouds and cloud formation, global warming and the effects of El Nino. The writer also discusses how weather patterns can be predicted by observation, listening and a barometer.
Parhelion sundog in Savoie The ability to predict rains and floods based on annual cycles was evidently used by humans at least from the time of agricultural settlement if not earlier. Early approaches to predicting weather were based on astrology and were practiced by priests.
Cuneiform inscriptions on Babylonian tablets included associations between thunder and rain. In BC, Aristotle wrote Meteorology. They are all called 'swooping bolts' Is meteorology science essay they swoop down upon the Earth.
Lightning is sometimes smoky, and is then called 'smoldering lightning"; sometimes it darts quickly along, and is then said to be vivid. At other times, it travels in crooked lines, and is called forked lightning.
When it swoops down upon some object it is called 'swooping lightning'. The Greek scientist Theophrastus compiled a book on weather forecasting, called the Book of Signs.
The work of Theophrastus remained a dominant influence in the study of weather and in weather forecasting for nearly 2, years. He describes the meteorological character of the sky, the planets and constellationsthe sun and moonthe lunar phases indicating seasons and rain, the anwa heavenly bodies of rainand atmospheric phenomena such as winds, thunder, lightning, snow, floods, valleys, rivers, lakes.
Admiral FitzRoy tried to separate scientific approaches from prophetic ones. Rainbow and Twilight Ptolemy wrote on the atmospheric refraction of light in the context of astronomical observations. Albert the Great was the first to propose that each drop of falling rain had the form of a small sphere, and that this form meant that the rainbow was produced by light interacting with each raindrop.
He stated that a rainbow summit can not appear higher than 42 degrees above the horizon. Theoderic went further and also explained the secondary rainbow. Instruments and classification scales[ edit ] See also: InLeone Battista Alberti developed a swinging-plate anemometerand was known as the first anemometer.
InJohannes Kepler wrote the first scientific treatise on snow crystals: InGabriel Fahrenheit created a reliable scale for measuring temperature with a mercury-type thermometer. The April launch of the first successful weather satelliteTIROS-1marked the beginning of the age where weather information became available globally.
Atmospheric composition research[ edit ] InBlaise Pascal rediscovered that atmospheric pressure decreases with height, and deduced that there is a vacuum above the atmosphere. InBlack's student Daniel Rutherford discovered nitrogenwhich he called phlogisticated air, and together they developed the phlogiston theory.
InJohn Dalton defended caloric theory in A New System of Chemistry and described how it combines with matter, especially gases; he proposed that the heat capacity of gases varies inversely with atomic weight.
InSadi Carnot analyzed the efficiency of steam engines using caloric theory; he developed the notion of a reversible process and, in postulating that no such thing exists in nature, laid the foundation for the second law of thermodynamics. Research into cyclones and air flow[ edit ] General circulation of the Earth's atmosphere: The westerlies and trade winds are part of the Earth's atmospheric circulation.
Coriolis effect and Prevailing winds InChristopher Columbus experienced a tropical cyclone, which led to the first written European account of a hurricane.
Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis published a paper in on the energy yield of machines with rotating parts, such as waterwheels. Bythis deflecting force was named the Coriolis effect. Observation networks and weather forecasting[ edit ] Cloud classification by altitude of occurrence This "Hyetographic or Rain Map of the World " was first published by Alexander Keith Johnston.
History of surface weather analysis In the late 16th century and first half of the 17th century a range of meteorological instruments was invented — the thermometerbarometerhydrometeras well as wind and rain gauges. In the s natural philosophers started using these instruments to systematically record weather observations.
Scientific academies established weather diaries and organised observational networks. The collected data were sent to Florence at regular time intervals. Hippocrates ' treatise Airs, Waters, and Places had linked weather to disease.
Thus early meteorologists attempted to correlate weather patterns with epidemic outbreaks, and the climate with public health. But there were also attempts to establish a theoretical understanding of weather phenomena. Edmond Halley and George Hadley tried to explain trade winds.
They reasoned that the rising mass of heated equator air is replaced by an inflow of cooler air from high latitudes.Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere.
Most individuals are intimately familiar with meteorology from the local evening news, in which a meteorologist provides the current weather conditions and the local forecast. However, meteorology is far more than weather prediction. Jul 01, · Similar to Physical Science and Life Science, Earth Science will contain multiple choice and constructed response questions.
A sample constructed response question from the Earth Science test is: ased on the chart, explain various agricultural practices and how it affects the success of a yearly harvest.
This is a sample . Some of the many elements of earth science include but are not limited to atmospheric science, soil science, oceanography, glaciology, geoinformatics, geology, and environmental science.
In conventional designations of Earth science geology, meteorology, oceanography, and astronomy, are . Is Meteorology Science? Many books and academic articles describe Meteorology, the study of the Earth’s atmosphere, as a science. While this may have been unquestionably accepted by many students and even scientists, it may well be worth to examine the subject more closely and ask, is Meteorology really science?
Summary to essay on topic "GEOL - Meteorology and Space Science" 1. Earth’s climate system is what regulates a climate of a region and it involves the exchanges of energy and moisture that occur among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, land surface and biosphere.
For Meteorology to qualify as a science, it should meet the premises that make up science itself. Meteorology can be considered as science in that it involves a study of the physical world. Meteorology studies the physical and observable aspects of the atmosphere such as the formation of rains, thunderstorms and clouds, and weather events such.