The focus of a pharmacist has always been to help people. For over 25 years, Micro Merchant Systems has provided solutions to independent pharmacies. Micro Merchant Systems Inc, over the years has been working hand in hand with pharmacies and helping them cut down costs and improve productivity.
That is, all commodities share and embody generalized human labor; i. Abstract-labor is labor which can be reduced to quantification, specifically, scientific quantification, across a litany of different types of specific labor-expenditures.
As a result, what different types of labor-expenditures share is that they are all forms of abstract-labor; i. It is through measurements of quantities of labor-power that commodities acquire value, share value and are able to be exchanged via these equalizing, measurable values, within the marketplace.
Abstract labor is labor-power measured in quantifiable units of time. Notwithstanding, despite value being the product and a measurement of scientific quantification, for Engels the value of a commodity is specifically a social measurement of scientific quantification.
That is, the value of a commodity is, in fact, a social average of the sum of the labor-time calculated in a specific sphere of production, pertaining to a specific commodity.
An unskilled smith makes five horseshoes in the same time as a skillful smith makes ten. Society does not make the accidental lack of skill of an individual the basis of valuation; it recognizes as general human labor only labor of a normal average degree of skill at the particular time.
Therefore, one of the five horseshoes made by the first smith has no more value in exchange than one of the ten made by the other in the same time. Individual labor contains general human labor only in so far as it is socially necessary.
It is the average labor-time socially necessary to produce a specific commodity across an individual sphere of production. For example, for Engels, lawnmowers of a similar make and model will exchange in the marketplace according to an average, socially necessary labor-time, which regulates this specific sphere of production, labor-time being, for Engels, scientifically quantifiable labor-time and nothing else.
Consequently, according to Engels, despite the variability between the exact, scientifically, quantifiable labor-time embodied in a specific commodity in relation to the average socially necessary labor-time for these specific types of commodities, the value of a commodity, regardless of social necessity, is nevertheless fundamentally based on scientifically quantifiable units of labor-time.
As a result, for Marx and Engels, value is solely an expression; i. It is in this regard that commodities can be equated, according to Marx and Engels, in the sense that they reflect and embody scientifically quantifiable labor-time and express an average of socially necessary labor-time.
For Marx and Engels, there is no getting around this scientific fact. That is, it is not science that establishes a theory of value, but a socioeconomic community, which agrees through the medium of various mechanisms and institutional apparatuses to subscribe to a particular manner of determining value, price and wage, meaning that value, price and wage are things, which are socially constructed rather than scientifically measured.
As a result, value, price and wage are things far more subjective, arbitrary and artificial than Marx and Engels surmised.
And increasingly, within post-industrial, post-modern, bourgeois-state-capitalism, this is the case. In the [age] of Empire, value is outside of measure.
In postmodern capitalism there is no longer a fixed scale that measures value. In Empire, the construction of value takes place beyond measure…. Value is something which is socially constructed, according to arbitrary imperatives, due to the fact that labor, as well, is something which lies outside scientific measurement, whose parameters are socially constructed according to arbitrary imperatives.
For Hardt and Negri, labor is something that lies outside scientific measurement because what constitutes productive labor is today something that extends beyond the traditional factory across society, in general.
In contrast to Marx and Engels, for Hardt and Negri, labor and value are increasingly immeasurable in the age of Empire and post-modernity, because labor and value-determinations are no longer based in production, but, in fact, have transcended the modern industrial factory and now permeate the sum of social relations across society, in general.
Moreover, value is immeasurable as well because what is valuable today is no longer fixed. Due to the fact that labor and value are no longer solely localized in the traditional factory, many unquantifiable elements flow into value, price and wage.
That is, they are social constructs, fabricated in the minds of people through conceptual, ideological, and material struggles, across the social factory; i. In the age of post-industrial, post-modern capitalism, power is the great arbiter of value, price and wage, not any scientific quantification of labor-power.
This means that all production costs must be decreased to the minimum, while in contrast, profits must be increased to the maximum. The essence of capitalism is fundamentally about lowering production costs to the minimum, ideally to zero, while maximizing profits to the Nth degree, a zenith determined by the current, socioeconomic parameters of capitalism and the capitalist system in general.
This drive to lower production costs while maximizing profits is the engine of all capitalist developments, all capitalist expansions, and all capitalist intensifications, including all psychological and physical immiserations of the general population, derived from this specific capitalist mode of production and the tensions generated by this capitalist mode of production.
This drive to lower production costs while maximizing profits, which stems directly from the logical imperative generated by the logic of capitalism situated at the center of socioeconomic existence and capitalist society, is the crux of all socioeconomic crises and breakdowns, including an ever-deepening, socioeconomic antagonism.
Marx always theorized that the lowering of production costs would result in lower commodity-prices, as competition between various competing capitalists, within a particular sphere of production, would inevitably instigate the perpetual lowering of commodity-prices.
However, Marx seems to have missed an essential lever driving capitalist development, capitalist accumulation, and capitalist expansion; i.Recipe & Batch Management. When we introduced a new product line, we needed help managing the new ingredients and recipes.
MAVERICK set up the systems for us and made rollout easy.”. Maverick Technologies is the leader in automation solutions, helping businesses optimize processes.
Our proven methodologies can help your automation challenges. At CF PUMPSERVE, our #1 goal is to lower the operating costs and increase the bottom line profitability of our customers.
How do we do it? By utilizing our pump repair capabilities and total systems approach, we help customers lower their total operating costs by optimizing the performance, reliability and service life of their pumping systems with engineered upgrades, improvements and RESULTS.
Line balancing is an effective tool to improve shop-floor layout which in turn reduces product cycle time. Cellular manufacturing also has certain advantages like. Assembly Systems and Line Balancing *Discrete products are assembled from components.
The Assembly Process Definition: assembly involves the joining together of two or more separate parts to form a new entity Automated Assembly System *Use of automated methods at the workstations rather than human beings.
Balancing the Demand Equation: The Elements of a Successful, Modern B2B Demand Generation Model [Adam B. Needles] on iridis-photo-restoration.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The goal of the book is to help B2B marketers fundamentally transform their demand generation approach.