Reference list Personality and Motivation- Introduction Donald Broadbent's career has been an exception to the rule that serious cognitive psychologists should treat individual differences as nuisance variables to be ignored. Donald has recognized the complexities of individual differences, has commented about the messiness of the findings relating individual differences to performance, but none-the-less has insisted that a proper understanding of human information processing needs to take into account individual differences in personality and motivation.
Integrating styles and intelligences can help children learn in many ways—not just in the areas of their strengths. In the 20th century, two great theories have been put forward in an attempt to interpret human differences and to design educational models around these differences.
Learning-style theory has its roots in the psychoanalytic community; multiple intelligences theory is the fruit of cognitive science and reflects an effort to rethink the theory of measurable intelligence embodied in intelligence testing.
Both, in fact, combine insights from biology, anthropology, psychology, medical case studies, and an examination of art and culture. But learning styles emphasize the different ways people think and feel as they solve problems, create products, and interact.
The theory of multiple intelligences is an effort to understand how cultures and disciplines shape human potential.
Though both theories claim that dominant ideologies of intelligence inhibit our understanding of human differences, learning styles are concerned with differences in the process of learning, whereas multiple intelligences center on the content and products of learning. Until now, neither theory has had much to do with the other.
Howard Gardner spells out the difference between the theories this way: In MI theory, I begin with a human organism that responds or fails to respond to different kinds of contents in the world.
Those who speak of learning styles are searching for approaches that ought to characterize all contents p. We believe that the integration of learning styles and multiple intelligence theory may minimize their respective limitations and enhance their strengths, and we provide some practical suggestions for teachers to successfully integrate and apply learning styles and multiple intelligence theory in the classroom.
Learning Styles Learning-style theory begins with Carl Jungwho noted major differences in the way people perceived sensation versus intuitionthe way they made decisions logical thinking versus imaginative feelingsand how active or reflective they were while interacting extroversion versus introversion.
Isabel Myers and Katherine Briggswho created the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and founded the Association of Psychological Type, applied Jung's work and influenced a generation of researchers trying to understand specific differences in human learning.
Although learning-style theorists interpret the personality in various ways, nearly all models have two things in common: A focus on process. Learning-style models tend to concern themselves with the process of learning: An emphasis on personality.
Learning-style theorists generally believe that learning is the result of a personal, individualized act of thought and feeling.
Most learning-style theorists have settled on four basic styles. Our own model, for instance, describes the following four styles: The Mastery style learner absorbs information concretely; processes information sequentially, in a step-by-step manner; and judges the value of learning in terms of its clarity and practicality.
The Understanding style learner focuses more on ideas and abstractions; learns through a process of questioning, reasoning, and testing; and evaluates learning by standards of logic and the use of evidence. The Self-Expressive style learner looks for images implied in learning; uses feelings and emotions to construct new ideas and products; and judges the learning process according to its originality, aesthetics, and capacity to surprise or delight.
Learning styles are not fixed throughout life, but develop as a person learns and grows. Our approximate breakdown of the percentages of people with strengths in each style is as follows: Mastery, 35 percent; Understanding, 18 percent; Self-Expressive, 12 percent; and Interpersonal, 35 percent Silver and Strong Most learning-style advocates would agree that all individuals develop and practice a mixture of styles as they live and learn.
Most people's styles flex and adapt to various contexts, though to differing degrees. In fact, most people seek a sense of wholeness by practicing all four styles to some degree.
Educators should help students discover their unique profiles, as well as a balance of styles.Kidtelligent is a program that takes your child's learning style and personality and uses it to help you choose suitable activities and goals for your child. The program includes specific strategies to help your child set and reach goals based on his personality and learning style.
Personality and Motivation- Introduction Donald Broadbent's career has been an exception to the rule that serious cognitive psychologists should treat individual differences as . Essay on Strength, Personality, and Style Assessments & Motivation; Essay on Strength, Personality, and Style Assessments & Motivation.
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True Colors: Exploring Personal & Leadership Style The Bonner Community Engagement Curriculum BWBRS Description: Bonner Curriculum workshop uses a popular personality and style assessment to help participants discover and share.