Mesopotamia and Middle Assyrian Empire, c. The Hittites, having failed to save Mitanni, allied with Babylon in an unsuccessful economic war against Assyria for many years.
See Article History Assyria, kingdom of northern Mesopotamia that became the centre of one of the great empires of the ancient Middle East. It was located in what is now northern Iraq and southeastern Turkey.
A brief treatment of Assyria follows. For full treatment, see Mesopotamia, history of: The Rise of Assyria.
Assyria was a dependency of Babylonia and later of the Mitanni kingdom during most of the 2nd millennium bce. It emerged as an independent state in the 14th century bce, and in the subsequent period it became a major power in Mesopotamia, Armeniaand sometimes in northern Syria.
Assyrian power declined after the death of Tukulti-Ninurta I c.
It was restored briefly in the 11th century bce by Tiglath-pileser Ibut during the following period both Assyria and its rivals were preoccupied with the incursions of the seminomadic Aramaeans.
The Assyrian kings began a new period of expansion in the 9th century bce, and from the mid-8th to the late 7th century bce, a series of strong Assyrian kings—among them Tiglath-pileser IIISargon IISennacheriband Esarhaddon —united most of the Middle Eastfrom Egypt to the Persian Gulfunder Assyrian rule.
The last great Assyrian ruler was Ashurbanipalbut his last years and the period following his death, in bce, are obscure. The state was finally destroyed by a Chaldean-Median coalition in — bce.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The Assyrian empire was renowned not only for its powerful military machine, but also for its progress in the arts, culture, medicine and education. While deportations of segments of conquered populations continued, all subjugated regions were accepted and treated as Assyrians.
The time period from the 9 th century B.C. (when the Assyrians started expanding again) to the destruction of the Assyrian Empire (before B.C.) is often called the "Neo-Assyrian" period by. Downfall of the Assyrian empire.
BCE The great Assyrian cities of Ashur, Kalhu, and Nineveh are sacked and burned by the Medes, Babylonians, and Persian forces. Background Assyria was originally an Akkadian kingdom which evolved in the 25th to 24th centuries BC. The earliest Assyrian kings such as Tudiya were relatively minor rulers, andGovernment: Monarchy.
Jun 27, · Ancient Assyrian Empire Synthesis of their History. In B.C. when the Hittites returned to the north, after destroying the first Babylonian Empire, a long period of confusion began in Mesopotamia, and at this time a state called Assyria arose in the north, whose capitals were Nineveh and Assur, situated on the banks of the Tigris.2/5(1).
Assyrians have used two languages throughout their history: ancient Assyrian (Akkadian), and Modern Assyrian (neo-syriac). Akkadian was written with the cuneiform writing system, on clay tablets, and was in use from the beginning to about B.C.